Nutrition for diabetes and carbohydrate counting
Counting carbohydrate servings may help you to control your blood glucose level so that you feel better. The balance between the carbohydrates you eat and insulin determines your blood glucose level after eating.
Carbohydrate-rich foods include:
- Breads, crackers and cereals
- Pasta, rice and grains
- Starchy vegetables, such as potatoes, corn and peas
- Beans and legumes
- Milk, soy milk and yogurt
- Fruits and fruit juices
- Sweets such as cakes, cookies, ice cream, jam and jelly
Carbohydrate servings – A serving of a food with 15 grams of carbohydrates is counted as one carbohydrate serving.
Read the Nutrition Facts on food labels to find out how many grams of carbohydrate are in foods you eat.
Check serving sizes with measuring cups and spoons or a food scale.
Meal planning tips – For many adults, eating three to four servings of carbohydrate foods at each meal and one carbohydrate servings for each snack works well.
In a healthy daily meal plan, most carbohydrates come from:
- 5 servings of fruits and vegetables
- 3 servings of whole grains
- 2 to 4 servings of milk or milk products
Eat five to seven ounces of meat or meat substitutes (such as egg or peanut butter) each day.
Check your blood glucose level regularly. It can tell you if you need to adjust the amount of carbohydrates you eat.
Learn how the right nutrition can help you control your health condition. Ask your primary care physician to refer you to Goshen Hospital Nutrition Therapy.
For more information about nutrition therapy services offered at Goshen Hospital, call (574) 364-2679.