5 simple ways to reduce your risk of falling at home


Most falls occur at home –– and most broken bones result from falls at home, too. Falls can cause serious injury to people of all ages and, for the elderly, falls can lead to a tragic loss of independence and mobility. Fortunately, you can make simple changes in your house to cut your risk of falling in half. If you’re worried about falling at home, here are five easy ways to make your house safer.

Stairs and steps

  • Make sure light switches are at both the top and bottom of the stairs.
  • Provide enough light to see each step and the top and bottom landings.
  • Install handrails on both sides of the stairway and be sure to use them.
  • If you have bare-wood steps, put nonslip treads on each step.
  • Do not place loose area rugs at the bottom or top of stairs.
  • Do not leave objects on the stairs.


  • Install grab bars on the bathroom walls near the toilet and along the bathtub or shower.
  • Place a slip-resistant rug next to the bathtub for safe exit and entry.
  • Mount a liquid soap dispenser on the bathtub/shower wall.
  • Place nonskid adhesive textured strips on the bathtub/shower floor.
  • Use a sturdy, plastic seat in the bathtub if you are unsteady or if you cannot lower yourself.


  • Clear clutter from the floor.
  • Place a lamp and flashlight near your bed.
  • Install nightlights along the route between the bedroom and the bathroom.
  • Keep a telephone near your bed.

Living areas

  • Arrange furniture to create clear pathways between rooms.
  • Secure loose area rugs with double-sided tape or slip-resistant backing. 
  • Do not sit in a chair or on a sofa that is so low it is difficult for you to stand up.


  • Remove throw rugs.
  • Immediately clean up any liquid, grease, or food spilled on the floor.
  • Store food, dishes, and cooking equipment at an easy-to-reach, waist-high level.
  • Use only a stepstool with an attached handrail to reach upper cabinets. Do not stand on chairs.

Some falls can be prevented. But if you do experience a fall, Goshen Physicians Orthopedics & Sports Medicine can help you recover.

Recommendations provided by the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.