Cancer Care Primary Care

Prostate cancer screenings

Screening tests for prostate cancer can detect signs of disease even before symptoms start when more treatment options are available. However, the test has potential downsides that may outweigh potential benefits.
That's why it's important for men aged 55 to 69 to talk with their healthcare provider about PSA screenings. An open conversation about what can cause elevated PSA levels, risk factors and personal preferences can help you decide if a PSA screening is right for you.
A prostate-specific antigen screening – or PSA test – is one of the most common methods doctors use to screen for prostate cancer. The test measures the amount of PSA protein in the blood. A high level or rise in levels may be caused by cancer or another problem.
Your doctor can help you understand potential harms of screening. The tests can lead to false-positive results that may require additional testing and possible prostate biopsy. A screening may lead to overdiagnosis and overtreatment. Treatment may cause complications, such as incontinence and erectile dysfunction.

Risks factors for prostate cancer

Age is one of the leading risk factors for prostate cancer. The chances of getting the disease increase after a man reaches age 50.

 Other risk factors include:
  • African American race
  • Family history
  • Diet high in fat and low in vegetables
  • Smoking

Talk with your doctor

Your doctor knows your personal health and medical history. That's the best starting point to consider the benefits and risks of prostate cancer screenings.
Need a healthcare provider? Search our Goshen Physicians network for a provider, specialist or location that's right for you.
Learn more about prostate cancer and our approach to treatment.